Before building a home, we need to pick a certain home architecture design that best suits ourselves. So it will provide comfort to us when we live or stay in the home. Hence, we summarize a complete list of 32 types of home architecture designs from around the globe that allows you to choose the best. Here you go:
- Adobe Revival
Thousands of years ago, the style of adobe houses was favored in some parts of America, which covered the areas of southwest America, Mesoamerica, and South America (Andean region). And now it is still used by many countries in South and South Western America, Spain and Eastern Europe, North and West Africa, the Middle East, and West Asia.
As the name suggests, the buildings of Adobe-style houses utilize mud brick as the main material building and resemble cob and rammed-earth buildings. Mud brick it self is among the world’s earliest building materials. This can be seen from its use in Spanish houses since the eighth century B.C. and even since the Late Bronze Age and the Iron Age.
The making of adobe bricks was introduced by the Spanish, Pueblo, and their size range from a normal size of bricks to one or two yards, known as adobines.
Beach houses, as the name implies, are houses that are built at the seaside and raised up from the ground. They are appropriate for not only ocean front locations but also highland areas and suited to either hot or humid climates. As a result, they become the right choice of those who take holiday to the beach and to the highlands.
Another version of this house style is tide water houses that have easily been found along America Southeast coasts since the 1800s. The houses typically feature wide and eclectic wooden porches, large eaves and water front space, and a living room at the one level higher.
In 1659, an Englishman referred the word “Bungalow” to “Bunguloues”, which means “temporary and easy to set up shelter”. But it was found later on that “bangla”, “bungales”, and “banggolos” were also used before the update of “bungalow” as an English term in 1820.
Bungalow is actually India’s house style at first. It, however, was then popular in America, especially in New England in 1880. The rise took place after a group of builders of English seaside houses evolved it into a more modern style with a refined look in 1870. After that, it was considered the most well-known architectural style in the American history as it had come to rest in Southern California for a long periods of time.
Talking about how it looks like, bungalow is a long, low house built with wide verandas and drooping attics. The roof which was once made of thatch nowadays has been changed into fire proof tile and completed with an insulating air space to keep the house from tropical heat.
- Cape Cod
Some claim that Cape Cod houses were named after the visit of Reverend Timothy Dwight IV to Cape in the year 1800. He served as the president of Yale University from the 1795 to 1817.
The Cape Cod style followed the Colonial Revival style, which existed from the 1930s to 50s. The English colonists adopted the style to build an English House hall and parlor house and to protect it from severe storms in the country. After generations, it came with numerous versions as seen from more than one-storey houses made with wooden clapboards, shutters, or shingle exterior.
The popular examples of the buildings under Cap Cod style include the Dugan residence, Massachusetts and Levittown, New York.
Colonial style appeared around 1600. The style was introduced by European immigrants so that it was not surprising if European influences were strongly felt here. In its progress, a lot of folks continued to preserve it despite the US colonial period had ended. Because of this, the style was still kept until the 1700s, where the colonists lived along the Eastern Seaboard and decided to settle there.
The thing that made Colonial houses easily recognized was simply the geometrical design of the two-storey houses. In the USA, some twists were omitted in order to adjust to the climates. Over time, a change also occurred to the number of the rooms on each floor, from one room to four rooms on every of their floors. It is what characterizes the development of Colonial style today.
Among the most famous structures with this style is President’s House at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg.
The Contemporary style emerged between 1960s to 1970s. It was regarded as a modern-age house style.
Different from the Modern style, the ever-changing style emphasized the concept of the now. It usually used the building materials of metal and concrete, together with the decorative materials of wood and stones. The physical appearance looked innovative and forwarding, perfectly combining geometrical shapes such as rounds and rectangles. Nonetheless, the Contemporary style did not close the possibility of using asymmetrical shapes.
The Contemporary style mostly focused on light, space, and landscape. It obtained lighting from natural sources. This is why it used large glass windows and door ways in addition to capturing the surrounding landscape. And open-plan interiors, decorated with clean and smooth textures and lines,were intended to eliminate unnecessary details and ornamentation such as steel and modern furnishings in order to have space inside the houses.
This style is used to build Tubac House and the eco-friendly Factor 10 House.
- Contemporary Craftsman
Contemporary Craftsman’s first arrival went around 1905, and continued to appear in the early 1930s. It actually reacted to the Industrial Revolution, which led to the dismiss alof both handmade crafts and raw and natural materials. Craftsman it self was an expression that American people used to refer to the Arts and Crafts movement from England.
Craftsman architecture emphasized the “Articulation of structure” as it exposed beams and rafters without showing the seamless interior and exterior relation through porches and terraces.
In 1920, the Craftsman style ever vanished, but came back in the mid-1980s and survived until now. Nowadays, it has mingled with other styles, particularly the Contemporary style, which made it called Contemporary Craftsman.
Manor houses are the example of the Country-designed houses. They are usually built
on large tracts of land. Manor houses include European houses or mansions. In the past, the land belonged to the the feudal estate and the house to the landowner.
Historically, a manor house was none other than the principal residence of the lord of the manor. In the European feudal system, it mainly functioned as the administrative centre for manorial courts and communal meals with manorial tenants. The term now relates to various country-style houses, which frequently dated back to the late medieval era, when it was used to house the gentry.
The late nineteenth century was the birth of the Craftsman style. It was also known as the American Arts and Crafts movement and widely used until the 1930s. It apparently became a comprehensive design and art movement in the Industrial Revolution.
Craftsman is a native American style that attached an immense value on handicrafts and natural materials. The simplicity-embracing style has kept to exist and flourish till the present days and to adorn houses with symmetrical forms, hand-crafted wood and stone works, hipped roofs, exposed under eave rafters, Frank Lloyd Wright design motifs, and so on.
- English Cottage
In the Middle Ages, cottage was a house of peasants and their families, consisting of a farmhouse and its yard. Thus, it was not a stand-alone small-sized dwelling as shown today. In the next development of the eighteenth century on wards, it also housed both weavers and miners since industries started to grew.
Formerly, people called “cottage” a “house”, but later made difference of them. The reason was that such a building was called so in England. In modern times, cottage has shifted from a traditional old-fashioned abode to a modest-yet-cosy home or another cottage-style building, which was built in a rural or semi-rural area and which was frequently intended for a holiday home. Often found in this style are ground floors and bedrooms that lie under the eaves.
Farmhouses are commonly the primary houses in rural and agricultural settings. A long time ago, they were often completed with a house bard, a space for animals to live in. Even, they could have more than one barn connected as to build a courtyard.
Farmhouses have their own characters, causing them to have persisted through times. They try to bring back images from the past and to recreate the unique ambience into a living space.
Because of these efforts, farmhouses love to combine simple organic things, lines, and details with subtle colors. The architectural style is actually a perfect mix of the English and French country styles, which generally features gabled roofs, large patios and veranda, and broad comfy kitchens.
- Federal Colonial
It is undeniable that federal colonial style, or Federal or Adam style, has a leading role in shaping architectural landscape in America.
The Europe-influenced design style established between 1780 and 1830, particularly from 1785 to 1815, modified from the previous style of Goergian architecture. No wonder that the two colonial styles share a lot of features in common.
Normally, the American architecture uses undecorated surfaces and simplified details, very often accompanied by isolated panels, tablets, and friezes. Also, it comes with a flatter, smoother facade, but hardly with pilasters.
It is the 19th century architecture which initially grew in Florida, USA, then expanded to other regions. As one of design theme sources, Florida architecturehas come to be known among house developers.
The Florida-styled houses can be recognized well from their metal roofts, wood frames, spacious porch areas (usually surrounding the whole houses),raised floors, and “shotgun” or “dog trot” hallways (central hallways that go straight from the front to the back of the home).
A set of famous examples of wood-framed Florida houses includes Bensen House in Grant, Plumb House in Clearwater, Winchester Symphony House in Eau Gallie, all of which are located in Florida.
One of the most notable French achievements is French architecture. This indicates that architechture has obviously been of concernat all times in the country and that it underlay the establishments of the Academy of Architecture in 1671, the very first European architecture institution, and the Prix de Rome for architecture in 1720, a govt-funded French scholarship aimed for art students.
The distinct signs of today’s French architecture are timber and brick frame, wide hipped roof, thin wooden columns, raised living quarters, wide porch, no interior hallways, and French doors. It also usually has asymmetrical exteriors and uses ornate elements. Examples of such French architecture-influenced buildings are still present such as Villa Savoye, Notre Dame du Haut, Le Corbusier buildings, Villa Noailles, Institut du Monde Arabe, and Jean Nouvel buildings.
The word “Georgian” was taken from the names of the House of Hanover’s British monarchs, George I-IV, who reigned very well from 1714 to 1830. The style was known with different terms over different places like Colonial Revival in the US in the late 19th century and Neo-Georgian in Great Britain in the early 20th century.
Commonly found in the style are symmetrical lines, arranged facades, and showy kerbs. Then, it internally features a simple, but elegant design by making the use of large sash windows, high ceiling, and a geometrical floor plan.
- Greek Revival
An architectural movement of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, The Greek Revival originated mostly in Northern Europe and the United States. It is considered to be a product of Hellenism as well as the last phase of the Neoclassical architecture’s development. The first introduction to the term “Greek Revival” was made by Charles Robert Cockerell in his lecture; he was a professor of architecture in the Royal Academy of Arts, London in 1842.
Greek Revival style comes to be a fine example of a style which parallelized the earlier culture with the present one.
Houses with the Greek Revival style were quite often white-colored to bear a likeness to the white marble of most awe-inspiring public buildings. In addition, it frequently used bold details, but with simple shapes. Heavy cornices, gables with pediments, and unadorned friezes were the other typical features.
Log houses or long buildings are structures which were built with horizontally-positioned logs, the corners of which were interlocked by notching. The logs used could be rounded, squared,or formed in other shapes.
The smaller version of this kind of the houses is called “log cabin”, predominantly found throughout countrysides, such as hunting cabins in the woods.
Since the log architecture needs much log in build, it has seemed to be the best house design in large regions of Norway, Finland, Sweden, the Baltic states, and Russia, where the woods of spruce and pine supply straight, tall logs abundantly.
Besides those regions, the Alps, the Balkans, Eastern Central Europe, and some parts of Asia have used the log style to build their vernacular buildings due to the similar climates. While several warmer regions of Western Europe, predominated by deciduous trees, prefer timber framing instead.
Mediterranean style, exceptionally popular in North America from 1918 to 1940, is a perfect combination of Spain, Portugal, Italy, and Mediterranean countries. Sometimes, it is called “Spanish Modern”, for some of the concepts enormously adopted Spain design, but still had the strong Mediterranean taste of certain elements.
A large number of homes in Florida and California presented this style. Elements such as red tiled roofs, stucco walls, arches, and ornamental details ordinarily marked the use of the Mediterranean architecture.
The roofs, made of either clay pots or bricks, resemble to those of Spanish and Mexican styles. Stucco walls, then, give protection to rain, sunlight, and hot temperature. While arches were meant to allow the building to look sturdy and to distribute weight, and decoration details were presented by heavy, wide, and delicately carved doors and colorful tiles toembellish the interiors.
Among the still-standing Mediterranean remains are the buildings of Smith-Heberton House, Frances Marion and Fred Thomson House, and Fred C. Aiken House.
- Mid-Century Modern
Mid-century modern is a symbol of the mid-20th century developments in modern design, contemporary architecture, and urban development. It evolved estimatedly from 1933 to 1965.
A style descriptor,the term was firstly used in the early mid-1950s, then couched by Cara Greenberg in her book of “Mid-Century Modern: Furniture of the 1950s”, which was published by Random House in 1983. Now, scholars and museums around the world have recognized it as a great design movement.
Conventionally, the Mid-century modern aims to bring modernism into American post-war suburbs. The way is to install ample windows and open floor plans, allowing the interiors to create space and the outdoors to come in. Many homes with this style used to eliminate massive supporting walls with the purpose of creating a nuance that the walls were made of glass.
Also known as modernist architecture, Modern architecture reigned in the first half of the 20th century and turned into a dominant achitecture after the second world war. What underlay the rise was the advancement of construction technology that enabled the use of glass, steel, and reinforced concrete when building, and it was, in addition, perceived to be a reaction to the traditional neoclassical architecture and Beaux-Arts styles, which gain popularity in the 19th century.
The emphasis of the modern style is ordinarily on plain geometric forms and on the layout, location, and function of a structure itself. Joseph Paxton’s Crystal Palace in London, Josef Hoffmann’s Stoclet Palace in Brussels, and Frank Lloyd Wright’s Unity Temple in Chicago are some well-renowned examples of early modern architecture.
The reflection of the Mountain style comes into Lakeside Cottageand Greystone Inn. Greystone Inn, founded in 1985, has looked much like Swiss chalets, the building of which took place in 1915. They originally had kitchens, free-standing libraries, and pools.
The mountain architecture was frequently characterized by a rug-covered outer surface that sometimes embraced shingles,wood siding, or even logs. To get a view, it also utilized outsized windows and wide levels. Moreover, open layouts and lofts are found in the inside.
Northwest, sometimes called Northwest Modern or Northwest Regional, was a dominant architectural style that went around from 1935 to 1960, in the Pacific Northwest region. In fact, it is a regional version of the international style.
Several key elements that usually appear in the Northwest style include the heavy use of unpainted wood for both interior and exterior, the installation of glass which extends to the floor, and the incorporation of the building with its surrounding through asymmetrical floor plans. A low-pitched or flat roof of shingles, overhanding eaves, and little ornamentation also characterize this regional style.
The Northwest style was mostly used in residential structures and found by a group of proponents such as John Yeon, John Storrs,Pietro Belluschi,Herman Brookman, Saul Zaik, and Van Evera Bailey.
Established in the late19th century, Prairie or Prairie School came to be a favored style in the Midwestern United States. It was evolved to respond to the ideals and design aesthetics of the Arts and Crafts Movement.
The term Prairie School was initially created by H. Allen Brooks to write his book about the Prairie architects and their works, but not used by the architects themselves.
The Prairie style often has unique characteristics: horizontal lines, flat or hipped roofs, broad overhanging eaves, parallel windows, solid construction, landscape intergration, and handcrafted ornaments. Horizontal lines are intended to seem much like the native prairie landscape.
Ranch is a native architectural style of the United States. It firstly arrived in the 1920s, with various names such as American ranch, California ranch, rambler, or rancher.
Ranch homes become well recognized from their wide open layouts and lengthy, yet close-to-the-ground profile. The ranch style put modernism and Western America’s concept of wide open spaces together into a very casual and informal living space.
The Ranch style apparently boomed within American post-war middle class from the 1940s to 1970s. It once expanded to other regions before its fading in the late 20th century because of the return of the neo-eclectic house style.
Built by Peabody and Stearns in 1882, the Kragsyde mansion of Massachusetts becomes one of the most known shingle-style structures. The shingle style rose in line with the establishment of the New England school of architecture. Now, there are several places to find such houses like East Hampton,Martha’s Vineyard, Rhode Island, Cannon Beach,Nantucket, and some parts of New Jersey.
Shingles used in this style are made of different kinds of wood, depending on what wood is available in a region. North America, for instance, typically uses Western Red Cedar, Atlantic White Cedar,or California Redwood. Also, it is noted that they are either split or sawn and varied in size.
Spanish architecture is not all about buildings, but it is also about a way of communication. The style reflects communal values as it is placed within worshipping homes of different religions. Hence, it is a kind of the movement of people that attempt to keep their time-honored traditions and turn them into physical structures like churches. Besides, the rise of palaces or castles shows that it exerts a powerful political impact as well.
Key features that generally adhere to Spain houses are clay tile roofs with low pitches, corridors with arches, arcaded porches, andround windows with geometric ornaments. These features can be found in many famous Spanish-styled buildings such as the Powers House, the Canfield-Wright House, and Santa Barbara Mission Neighborhood.
Southern architecture is often called Antebellum architecture, derived from Latin words “ante” (before) and “bellum” (war). It is a 19th-century neo-classical architectural style native to the Southern United States, primarily the Deep South.
The reign took place from the birth of the American Revolution to the beginning of the American Civil War.The first introduction to this style was made by the descendants of British people who settled in the Southern states during the colonial period and in the U.S. regions after the Louisiana Purchase.
The structures of plantation mansions and homes with Georgian, Neo-classical, or even Greek Revival styleappear to be the typical examples of Southern structures.
Being a region-based architectural style, South western seemingly orientates to uniqueness and simplicity.The influences of both Indian and Spanish cultures are much felt in this style.
Indian culture dated back a millennium before the coming of the Spanish voyagers. The architecture of Mesa Verde and Chaco Canyon, the largest and oldest Anasazi villages, made the use of pine timbers and stone. In the next time, Puebloan residences combined house walls and round edges, causing the Spanish to call them “Pueblos” when coming there in the 16th century.
Southwestern style is predominantly characterized by coarse textures, earthy colors, crafted ornaments, Terra cottas, bright woven fabrics, and clay tile roofs.
The 1940s and 1950s was the time of the traditional style’s arrival. It was thought to have the similar look of the Tudor style; they held the same gabled front and enourmous chimney. It had complex details and lower roof pitchs, nonetheless.
Common throughout the United States is that the style uses single level floor plan designs suited to American lifestyles. Other most note worthy features of the style are the simplicity of hipped roofs and stuccoed exteriors as well as the use of steeply pitched roofs, covered porches, open foyers, and lofts.
Tudor architecture was a variant of the Medieval architecture of England in its last stage. It was formed during the Tudor period, from 1485 to 1603, and was regarded as a provisional introduction of the Renaissance architecture to England.The term “Tudor architecture” actually is not applied to mention that of the Tudor dynasty’s entire period, but just from around 1500s to 1560s.
The emergence of the style came after the Late Gothic Perpendicular style and ended in 1560, when Elizabethan architecture started to grow.
The distinctive features of the Tudor style as used in the exteriors include half-timber and brick works, complex gabled roofs, rectangular oriel windows, and attractive chimneys. While the interiors generally featured walls with wooden panels and molded plaster works to decorate walls, cornices, and ceilings as to have the Renaissance taste.
Tuscany, a region in central Italy, is the direct inspiration of this style. In many of the Tuscan-style structures, stone, the building materials such as wood, wrought iron and tile are generally found.
It is a rustic, but stylish achitecture that combines classic and modern elements and fits to the original arrangements of Mediterranean. The designs and lines are made clean and ample to bear the atmosphere of the ancient past.
The Tuscan homes usually feature these key elements: hand-painted plaster walls with warm colors; richly textured ceilings; and stone, tile, and glass floors.
The term “Victorian” relates to the Victorian era that took place from 1837 to 1901, when Queen Victoria ruled.The Victorian style was commonly found in the houses in most British suburbs and cities during the Victorian periode and the Industrial Revolution. Those houses now feature the typical characteristics of the style.
In the United Kingdom, the Victorian style followed a series of the preceding architectural styles which included Regency style, later Italianate style that flourished between 1820s and 1850s, and finally Gothic Revival Style that dominated in the 1880s.
Many of the Victorian-style houses appear to be build with porches commonly made of either brick or local stone. Also, they often come with vibrant colors, complicated asymmetrical shapes, decorative trims, and textured walls.
Having read and seen all the types of home architecture designs, which one will you choose? Let us know by jotting down yours below.